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Opt Express. 2007 Nov 12;15(23):15101-14.

Sidestream Dark Field (SDF) imaging: a novel stroboscopic LED ring-based imaging modality for clinical assessment of the microcirculation.


Sidestream Dark Field (SDF) imaging, a stroboscopic LED ring-based imaging modality, is introduced for clinical observation of the microcirculation. SDF imaging is validated by comparison to Orthogonal Polarization Spectral imaging. Nailfold capillary diameters and red blood cell velocities were measured using both techniques and equal quantitative results were obtained. An image quality system was developed to quantitatively compare the quality of sublingually-acquired microcirculatory images using OPS and SDF imaging. Venular contrast, sharpness, and quality were shown to be comparable for OPS and SDF imaging. However, capillary contrast and quality were shown to be significantly higher using SDF imaging. Venular granularity, in addition, was more clearly observable using SDF imaging.

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