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Opt Express. 2007 Oct 29;15(22):14650-66.

Reciprocal transmissions and asymmetric modal distributions in waveguide-coupled spiral-shaped microdisk resonators.


We report transmission spectra and mode-field distributions of a waveguide-coupled spiral-shaped microdisk resonator on a silicon nitride-on-silica substrate. Our measured and simulated transmission spectra reveal reciprocal transmissions between clockwise and counterclockwise travelingwaves of such microcavity that lacks mirror symmetry. Our measured out-of-plane scattering intensity distributions and simulated steady-state mode-field patterns, however, indicate asymmetric modal distributions that depend on the sense of lightwave circulations and the input-coupling mechanisms. We discuss implications of the observed reciprocal transmissions with asymmetric modal distributions to unidirectional lasing from spiral-shaped microcavities reported in the literature.

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