Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2009 Sep;94(9):3306-13. doi: 10.1210/jc.2009-0079. Epub 2009 Jun 23.

Association of plasma vitamin D levels with adiposity in Hispanic and African Americans.

Author information

  • 1Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado Denver, 13001 East 17th Place, Aurora, Colorado 80045, USA.



Previous studies have suggested vitamin D insufficiency is associated with increased obesity; however, the relationship between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25[OH](2)D) and measures of adiposity has not been well characterized in minority populations.


The objective of the study was to examine the relationship between levels of 25[OH]D and 1,25[OH](2)D and measures of adiposity in Hispanic and African-Americans at baseline and on change in these measures over time.


The Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis (IRAS) Family Study examined 917 Hispanics and 439 African-Americans at baseline and again 5.3 yr later (n = 1081 at follow-up).


25[OH]D (nanograms per milliliter) and 1,25[OH](2)D (picograms per milliliter) were measured at baseline. Abdominal sc adipose tissue (SAT), visceral adipose tissue (VAT; both determined by computed tomography scan), and body mass index (BMI) were measured at baseline and follow-up.


25[OH]D was inversely associated with BMI, VAT, and SAT in both populations at baseline (P < 0.001). 25[OH]D was marginally inversely associated with baseline visceral fat to sc fat ratio in African-Americans (P = 0.049) but not Hispanics. 1,25[OH](2)D was inversely associated with BMI (P < 0.0001, P = 0.002) and VAT (P = 0.0005, P = 0.012) in Hispanics and African-Americans, respectively, whereas 1,25[OH](2)D was inversely associated with SAT in Hispanics (P < 0.0001) and with visceral fat to sc fat ratio in African-Americans (P = 0.02). Adjusting for 25[OH]D attenuated these associations; 1,25[OH](2)D remained associated with BMI in both populations (P < 0.05) and with SAT (P = 0.004) in Hispanics. No significant associations between 5-yr change in adiposity and 25[OH]D or 1,25[OH](2)D were seen.


Vitamin D levels were inversely associated with baseline BMI, SAT, and VAT in Hispanic and African-Americans but were not associated with 5-yr change in adiposity.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk