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J Gastrointest Surg. 2009 Sep;13(9):1674-82. doi: 10.1007/s11605-009-0944-1. Epub 2009 Jun 23.

A reduction in delayed gastric emptying by classic pancreaticoduodenectomy with an antecolic gastrojejunal anastomosis and a retrogastric omental patch.

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  • 1Liver, Pancreas and Foregut Unit, Department of Surgery, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA 17033-0850, USA.



Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) continues to be a major cause of morbidity following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). A change in the method of reconstruction following PD was instituted in an attempt to reduce the incidence DGE.


Patients undergoing PD from January 2002 to December 2008 were reviewed and outcomes determined. Pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PPPD) with a retrocolic duodenojejunal anastomosis (n = 79) or a classic PD with a retrocolic gastrojejunostomy (n = 36) was performed prior to January 2008. Thereafter, a classic PD with an antecolic gastrojejunal anastomosis and placement of a retrogastric vascular omental patch was undertaken (n = 36).


A statistically significant decrease in DGE was noted in the antecolic group compared to the entire retrocolic group (14% vs 40%; p = 0.004) and compared to patients treated by classic PD with a retrocolic anastomosis alone (14% vs 39%; p = 0.016). On multivariate analysis, the only modifiable factor associated with reduced DGE was the antecolic technique with an omental patch, odds ratio (OR) 0.3 (confidence interval (CI) 0.1-0.8) p = 0.022. Male gender was associated with an increased risk of DGE with OR 2.3 (CI 1.1-4.8) p = 0.026.


A classic PD combined with an antecolic anastomosis and retrogastric vascular omental patch results in a significant reduction in DGE.

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