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Transplant Proc. 2009 Jun;41(5):1848-54. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2009.02.101.

Use of epigenetic modification to induce FOXP3 expression in naïve T cells.

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  • 1Transplantation Research Center, Clinical Research Institute, Samsung Medical Center and Samsung Biomedical Research Institute, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

We investigated whether epigenetic modification agents can convert naïve T cells to regulatory T cells (T(regs)) which are responsible for limiting immune responses and maintaining self-tolerance. We treated splenic CD4(+)/CD25(-) naïve T cells from BALB/c mice with the DNA-methyltransferase inhibitor 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5AzaD) or the histone protein deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor Trichostatin A (TSA), and measured the effects on the expression of FOXP3, which encodes a transcription factor (FOXP3) that regulates T(reg) development. FOXP3 expression in naïve T cells was increased by 5AzaD or TSA treatment, administered 72 hours after T-cell receptor (TCR) stimulation with anti-CD3 plus anti-CD28. The T(regs) induced by 5AzaD or TSA expressed greater amounts of the FOXP3 protein than the control and the natural T(regs). The analysis of T(reg)-associated markers also showed T(reg) phenotypes (CD25(+)/CTLA4(+)/GITR(+)/CD127(-)). Finally, the induced T(reg) population also displayed T-cell suppression. These data suggested that epigenetic modification agents can induce FOXP3 expression, promoting the conversion of naïve T cells to T(regs).

PMID:
19545742
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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