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J Comput Aided Mol Des. 2009 Nov;23(11):799-806. doi: 10.1007/s10822-009-9289-9. Epub 2009 Jun 20.

Refined homology model of monoacylglycerol lipase: toward a selective inhibitor.

Author information

  • 1Center for Drug Discovery, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115, USA. a.bowman@neu.edu

Abstract

Monoacylglycerol lipase (MGL) is primarily responsible for the hydrolysis of 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), an endocannabinoid with full agonist activity at both cannabinoid receptors. Increased tissue 2-AG levels consequent to MGL inhibition are considered therapeutic against pain, inflammation, and neurodegenerative disorders. However, the lack of MGL structural information has hindered the development of MGL-selective inhibitors. Here, we detail a fully refined homology model of MGL which preferentially identifies MGL inhibitors over druglike noninhibitors. We include for the first time insight into the active-site geometry and potential hydrogen-bonding interactions along with molecular dynamics simulations describing the opening and closing of the MGL helical-domain lid. Docked poses of both the natural substrate and known inhibitors are detailed. A comparison of the MGL active-site to that of the other principal endocannabinoid metabolizing enzyme, fatty acid amide hydrolase, demonstrates key differences which provide crucial insight toward the design of selective MGL inhibitors as potential drugs.

PMID:
19543978
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3308346
Free PMC Article
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