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Stem Cells. 2009 Aug;27(8):1734-40. doi: 10.1002/stem.102.

Antigen-specific T-cell response from dendritic cell vaccination using cancer stem-like cell-associated antigens.

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  • 1Department of Neurosurgery, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Abstract

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most aggressive primary brain tumor, with current treatment remaining palliative. Immunotherapies harness the body's own immune system to target cancers and could overcome the limitations of conventional treatments. One active immunotherapy strategy uses dendritic cell (DC)-based vaccination to initiate T-cell-mediated antitumor immunity. It has been proposed that cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) may play a key role in cancer initiation, progression, and resistance to current treatments. However, whether using human CSC antigens may improve the antitumor effect of DC vaccination against human cancer is unclear. In this study, we explored the suitability of CSCs as sources of antigens for DC vaccination again human GBM, with the aim of achieving CSC-targeting and enhanced antitumor immunity. We found that CSCs express high levels of tumor-associated antigens as well as major histocompatibility complex molecules. Furthermore, DC vaccination using CSC antigens elicited antigen-specific T-cell responses against CSCs. DC vaccination-induced interferon-gamma production is positively correlated with the number of antigen-specific T cells generated. Finally, using a 9L CSC brain tumor model, we demonstrate that vaccination with DCs loaded with 9L CSCs, but not daughter cells or conventionally cultured 9L cells, induced cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) against CSCs, and prolonged survival in animals bearing 9L CSC tumors. Understanding how immunization with CSCs generates superior antitumor immunity may accelerate development of CSC-specific immunotherapies and cancer vaccines.

PMID:
19536809
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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