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Opt Express. 2007 Apr 16;15(8):5196-207.

Creation of vortex lattices by a wavefront division.

Author information

  • 1Institute of Physics, Wrocław University of Technology, Wybrze e Wyspia skiego 27, 50-370 Wrocław, Poland. jan.masajada@pwr.wroc.pl

Abstract

The Young's double-slit experiment is one of the most popular stories in the history of physics. This paper, like many others, has emerged from the Young's idea. It investigates the diffraction of the plane or spherical wave produced by three or four small holes in an opaque screen. It was noticed that the interference field contained a lattice of optical vortices which were equivalent to those produced in optical vortex interferometer. The vortex lattice generated by the three holes possessed some unique properties from which the analytical formulae for vortex points position were derived. We also pointed out the differences between our case and the double-slit experiment. Finally, some remarks on possible applications of our arrangement are discussed briefly. These theoretical considerations are illustrated with the use of experimental results.

PMID:
19532771
[PubMed]
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