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Opt Express. 2007 Mar 5;15(5):2445-53.

Two-axis MEMS Scanning Catheter for Ultrahigh Resolution Three-dimensional and En Face Imaging.


Ultrahigh resolution two and three-dimensional optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging was performed using a miniaturized, two-axis scanning catheter based upon microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) mirror technology. The catheter incorporated a custom-designed and fabricated, 1-mm diameter MEMS mirror driven by angular vertical comb (AVC) actuators on both an inner mirror axis and an outer, orthogonal gimbal axis. Using a differential drive scheme, a linearized position response over +/- 6 degrees mechanical angle was achieved. The flexible, fiber-optic catheter device measured < 5 mm in outer diameter with a rigid length of ~ 2.5 cm at the distal end. In vivo and ex vivo images are presented with < 4 microm axial and ~ 12 microm transverse resolution in tissue.

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