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Opt Express. 2007 Feb 19;15(4):1804-10.

Effect of macro-bending on resonant wavelength and intensity of long-period gratings in photonic crystal fiber.

Abstract

We report the spectral characteristics of CO(2)-laser inscribed long-period gratings (LPGs) in endlessly single mode photonic crystal fiber (PCF) subject to macro-bending. The coupling modes as a result of bending were studied by examining the shifts of resonant wavelengths, the splits of attenuation bands, and the variation in coupling strength of the transmission spectra. A bending coefficient of ~ 27.9 nm.m was determined in the PCF at 180 degrees rotational orientation relative to the point of laser inscription in the curvature range from 2.6 m(-1) to 3.5 m(-1). Compared with conventional fiber LPGs fabricated using the same method, the PCF-based LPGs possess higher sensitivity both to bending and orientation, making them promising for sensor applications.

PMID:
19532418
[PubMed]
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