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Opt Express. 2007 Feb 5;15(3):1267-76.

Nanowire coupling to photonic crystal nanocavities for single photon sources.


We demonstrate highly efficient evanescent coupling via a silica loop-nanowire, to ultra-small (0.5 (lambda/n)(3) ), InAs/InP quantum dot photonic crystal cavities, specifically designed for single photon source applications. This coupling technique enables the tuning of both the Q-factor and the wavelength of the cavity mode independently, which is highly relevant for single photon source applications. First, this allows for the optimization of the extraction efficiency while maintaining a high Purcell factor. Second, the cavity mode can be matched with a spectrally misaligned quantum dot without changing the structure or degrading the Q-factor: a 3 nm resonance shift is reported.

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