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J Chem Phys. 2009 Jun 14;130(22):224306. doi: 10.1063/1.3152574.

Coupled translation-rotation eigenstates of H(2) in C(60) and C(70) on the spectroscopically optimized interaction potential: Effects of cage anisotropy on the energy level structure and assignments.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, New York University, New York, New York 10003, USA.


We have developed a quantitatively accurate pairwise additive five-dimensional (5D) potential energy surface (PES) for H(2) in C(60) through fitting to the recently published infrared (IR) spectroscopic measurements of this system for H(2) in the vibrationally excited nu=1 state. The PES is based on the three-site H(2)-C pair potential introduced in this work, which in addition to the usual Lennard-Jones (LJ) interaction sites on each H atom of H(2) has the third LJ interaction site located at the midpoint of the H-H bond. For the optimal values of the three adjustable parameters of the potential model, the fully coupled quantum 5D calculations on this additive PES reproduce the six translation-rotation (T-R) energy levels observed so far in the IR spectra of H(2)@C(60) to within 0.6%. This is due in large part to the greatly improved description of the angular anisotropy of the H(2)-fullerene interaction afforded by the three-site H(2)-C pair potential. The same H(2)-C pair potential spectroscopically optimized for H(2)@C(60) was also used to construct the pairwise additive 5D PES of H(2) (nu=1) in C(70). This PES, because of the lower symmetry of C(70) (D(5h)) relative to that of C(60) (I(h)), exhibits pronounced anisotropy with respect to the direction of the translational motion of H(2) away from the cage center, unlike that of H(2) in C(60). As a result, the T-R energy level structure of H(2) in C(70) from the quantum 5D calculations on the optimized PES, the quantum numbers required for its assignment, and the degeneracy patterns which arise from the T-R coupling for translationally excited H(2) are all qualitatively different from those determined previously for H(2)@C(60) [M. Xu et al., J. Chem. Phys. 128, 011101 (2008).

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