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AIDS Rev. 2009 Apr-Jun;11(2):103-9.

Neuropsychiatric symptoms associated with efavirenz: prevalence, correlates, and management. A neurobehavioral review.

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  • 1Lluita Contra la SIDA Foundation - Germans Trias i Pujol University Hospital, Badalona, Barcelona, Spain. jmunoz@flsida.org

Abstract

The non-nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitor efavirenz is one of the most common components of HAART. Neuropsychiatric symptoms are frequently reported in patients taking efavirenz-based regimens. These symptoms are usually transient, although they can sometimes persist for up to two years after initiation of treatment. This review describes in detail the most common neuropsychiatric symptoms related to efavirenz, outlines relevant and recent findings on this agent, and suggests possible interventions based on neurobehavioral results. Different recommendations on the assessment of efavirenz-related adverse events are also provided.

PMID:
19529750
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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