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Opt Express. 2006 Sep 4;14(18):8382-92.

Direct observation of Gouy phase shift in a propagating optical vortex.


Direct observation of Gouy phase shift on an optical vortex was presented through investigating the intensity profiles of a modified LG_p;m beam with an asymmetric defect, around at the focal point. It was quantitatively found that the rotation profile of a modified LG_p;m beam manifests the Gouy phase effect where the rotation direction depends on only the sign of topological charge m. This profile measurement method by introducing an asymmetric defect is a simple and useful technique for obtaining the information of the Gouy phase shift, without need of a conventional interference method. In addition, the 3-dimernsional trajectory of the defect was found to describe a uniform straight line.

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