Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1991 Nov;45(5):608-12.

Neither heparin nor acetylsalicylic acid influence the clinical course in human Plasmodium falciparum malaria: a prospective randomized study.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, Bernhard-Nocht-Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany.

Abstract

Procoagulant alterations and thrombocytopenia in falciparum malaria correlate with parasitemia, serum levels of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha), and clinical severity. Thus, heparin or acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), which are used frequently to prevent thrombosis and (in the case of ASA) to control fever, could be potentially beneficial. We randomized 97 patients with falciparum malaria into three groups: 33 patients received low-dose heparin subcutaneously, 31 received ASA intravenously, and 33 did not receive either drug. All patients received appropriate antiparasitic treatment. Eighteen of 97 patients (seven receiving heparin, five receiving ASA, and 6 in the control group) had complications upon admission. During therapy, elevated TNF alpha and lactate dehydrogenase levels and decreased platelet counts returned to normal values. Except for a minimal partial thromboplastin time prolongation with heparin, heparin or ASA did not affect any laboratory parameter, duration of parasitemia, fever clearance, or the length of hospitalization. Thus, it appears that ASA and heparin do not influence the course of falciparum malaria. Hence, in view of possible side effects, these substances should not be recommended for routine use in the treatment of human malaria.

PMID:
1951871
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk