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Dev Dyn. 2009 Jul;238(7):1851-61. doi: 10.1002/dvdy.22004.

Rnf19a, a ubiquitin protein ligase, and Psmc3, a component of the 26S proteasome, tether to the acrosome membranes and the head-tail coupling apparatus during rat spermatid development.

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  • 1Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, The Sophie Davis School of Biomedical Education, New York, New York 10031, USA.


We report the cDNA cloning of rat testis Rnf19a, a ubiquitin protein ligase, and show 98% and 93% protein sequence identity of testicular mouse and human Rnf19a, respectively. Rnf19a interacts with Psmc3, a protein component of the 19S regulatory cap of the 26S proteasome. During spermatid development, Rnf19a and Psmc3 are initially found in Golgi-derived proacrosomal vesicles. Later on, Rnf19a, Psmc3, and ubiquitin are seen along the cytosolic side of the acrosomal membranes and the acroplaxome, a cytoskeletal plate linking the acrosome to the spermatid nuclear envelope. Rnf19a and Psmc3 accumulate at the acroplaxome marginal ring-manchette perinuclear ring region during spermatid head shaping and in the developing sperm head-tail coupling apparatus and tail. Rnf19a and Psmc3 may interact directly or indirectly with each other, presumably pointing to the participation of the ubiquitin-proteasome system in acrosome biogenesis, spermatid head shaping, and development of the head-tail coupling apparatus and tail.

(c) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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