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J Nutr Educ Behav. 2009 Jul-Aug;41(4):268-73. doi: 10.1016/j.jneb.2008.01.013.

Physical activity programming in family child care homes: providers' perceptions of practices and barriers.

Author information

  • 1Kansas State University, Manhattan, 66506, USA. fees@ksu.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine family child care home (FCCH) providers' perceptions of appropriate physical activity (PA), current practices, and perceived barriers to inclusion of PA within their programs.

DESIGN:

A trained facilitator lead 4 focus group sessions of FCCH providers. Questions addressed providers' planning for PA, resources and barriers, and perceptions of children's engagement.

SETTING:

Family child care homes.

PARTICIPANTS:

32 FCCH providers (100% female) caring for children 6 weeks to 5 years old in predominantly mixed-age programs.

PHENOMENON OF INTEREST:

Types of and extent to which PA was offered for children and perceived barriers to PA in this setting.

ANALYSIS:

Authors coded and analyzed transcriptions based on a socioecological framework using qualitative data analysis software.

RESULTS:

Majority of providers reported running and dancing to music as the most common PA, generally in an unstructured context. Frequency varied from none to twice a day. Few providers reported planning intentionally for PA; any plans followed children's interests. Barriers to inclusion of PA included personal, programming, parent, environmental, and financial reasons. Providers requested training on PA, particularly ideas for experiences in mixed-age groups.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS:

Type, frequency, consistency, and duration of PA among FCCH homes vary widely. Implications include training on PA and resources tailored to the unique characteristics of family child care homes.

PMID:
19508932
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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