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Nihon Rinsho. 2009 Jun;67(6):1197-203.

[Issues on business of genetic testing in near future].

[Article in Japanese]

Author information

  • 1Department of Medical Genetics, Kitasato University Graduate School of Medical Sciences.

Abstract

Since 1990's, a business condition that company sells genetic testing services directly to consumers without through medical facility, so called "direct-to-consumers (DTC) genetic testing", has risen. They provide genetic testing for obesity, disease susceptibility or paternity, etc. There are serious problems in this kind of business. Most of the providers do not make sales with face-to-face selling, and do through internet instead. They do not provide genetic counseling by certified genetic counselor or clinical geneticist. Most DTC genetic testing services for disease susceptibility or predispositions including obesity, lack scientific validity, clinical validity and clinical utility. And also including paternity genetic testing, they all have risks of ethical legal and social issues (ELSI) in genetic discrimination and/or eugenics. The specific problem in Japan is that the healthcare section of the government still has not paid attention and not taken seriously the requirement to deploy safety net.

PMID:
19507514
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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