Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Horm Res. 2009;71(6):343-9. doi: 10.1159/000223419. Epub 2009 Jun 9.

Long-term follow-up of GH-treated girls with Turner syndrome: metabolic consequences.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Division of Endocrinology, Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.



To investigate the metabolic consequences of long-term GH treatment in young women with Turner syndrome (TS), several years after GH discontinuation.


Follow-up study of a randomized GH dose-response trial, with 3 GH dosages (1.3, 2.0, and 2.7 mg/m(2)/day). Thirty-nine TS patients (20.0 +/- 2.1 years) participated 4.8 +/- 1.9 years after GH discontinuation. Mean GH treatment duration was 8.7 +/- 2.0 years. Fasting glucose, insulin, and serum lipids were measured.


Several years after GH discontinuation, insulin sensitivity remained lower, while beta-cell function and fasting insulin levels remained higher than before treatment. Only BMI influenced beta-cell function. Serum total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) had further increased compared to 6 months after GH, resulting in higher TC, but also higher HDL levels compared to controls. The atherogenic index remained constant, but lower than controls.


Besides height, GH therapy in girls with TS has additional beneficial effects on serum lipids. Nearly 5 years after discontinuation of GH therapy the favorable effect of GH was still noticeable. The GH-induced decrease in insulin sensitivity, however, remained unchanged, possibly due to having TS.

2009 S. Karger AG, Basel

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for S. Karger AG, Basel, Switzerland
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk