Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Dev Biol. 2009 Aug 15;332(2):287-98. doi: 10.1016/j.ydbio.2009.05.577. Epub 2009 Jun 3.

Lmx1b is essential for survival of periocular mesenchymal cells and influences Fgf-mediated retinal patterning in zebrafish.

Author information

  • 1Department of Cell Biology, Neurobiology, and Anatomy, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA.

Abstract

To gain insight into the mechanisms of Lmx1b function during ocular morphogenesis, we have studied the roles of lmx1b.1 and lmx1b.2 during zebrafish eye development. In situ hybridization and characterization of transgenic lines in which GFP is expressed under lmx1b.1 regulatory sequence show that these genes are expressed in periocular tissues and in a pattern conserved with other vertebrates. Anti-sense morpholinos against lmx1b.1 and lmx1b.2 result in defective migration of periocular mesenchymal cells around the eye and lead to apoptosis of these cells. These defects in the periocular mesenchyme are correlated with a failure in fusion of the choroid fissure or in some instances, more severe ventral optic cup morphogenesis phenotypes. Indeed, by blocking the death of the periocular mesenchyme in Lmx1b morphants, optic vesicle morphogenesis is largely restored. Within the retina of lmx1b morphants, Fgf activity is transiently up-regulated and these morphants show defective naso-temporal patterning. Epistasis experiments indicate that the increase in Fgf activity is partially responsible for the ocular anomalies caused by loss of Lmx1b function. Overall, we propose zebrafish lmx1b.1 and lmx1b.2 promote the survival of periocular mesenchymal cells that influence multiple signaling events required for proper ocular development.

PMID:
19500562
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2716413
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (11)Free text

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11

Publication Types, MeSH Terms, Substances, Grant Support

Publication Types

MeSH Terms

Substances

Grant Support

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk