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Opt Lett. 2009 Jun 1;34(11):1642-4.

Time-multiplexed dual-focal plane head-mounted display with a liquid lens.

Author information

  • 13D Visualization and Imaging Systems Laboratory, College of Optical Sciences, University of Arizona, 1630 East University Boulevard, Tucson, Arizona 85721, USA.


Focus cues play a significant role in three-dimensional (3-D) depth perception. Conventional stereoscopic displays, however, lack the ability to correctly render these cues, because they present a pair of stereoscopic images on a fixed image plane while forcing the eyes to converge at different distances to view objects at different depths. Using a fast liquid-lens device, we present the design and implementation of a time-multiplexed dual-focal plane display that is capable of rendering correct or near-correct focus cues as well as other depth cues, such as occlusion and shading for a 3-D scene. The focus range of the dual focal planes can vary from infinity to as close as 8 diopters. Two driving mechanisms are proposed to render near-correct focus cues and their effects on image sharpness, flicker, and brightness are compared.

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