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Nat Cell Biol. 2009 Jun;11(6):669-77. doi: 10.1038/ncb0609-669.

STIMulating store-operated Ca(2+) entry.

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  • 1Department of Physiology and Biophysics and Institute for Immunology, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697-4561, USA.


Calcium influx through plasma membrane store-operated Ca(2+) (SOC) channels is triggered when the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca(2+) store is depleted - a homeostatic Ca(2+) signalling mechanism that remained enigmatic for more than two decades. RNA-interference (RNAi) screening and molecular and cellular physiological analysis recently identified STIM1 as the mechanistic 'missing link' between the ER and the plasma membrane. STIM proteins sense the depletion of Ca(2+) from the ER, oligomerize, translocate to junctions adjacent to the plasma membrane, organize Orai or TRPC (transient receptor potential cation) channels into clusters and open these channels to bring about SOC entry.

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