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Eur J Neurol. 2009 Aug;16(8):902-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-1331.2009.02614.x. Epub 2009 Mar 31.

High cardiovascular event rates in patients with asymptomatic carotid stenosis: the REACH Registry.

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  • 1Academic Teaching Hospital Wagner-Jauregg, Linz, Austria.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Data on current cardiovascular event rates in patients with asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis (ACAS) are sparse. We compared the 1-year outcomes of patients with ACAS > or =70% versus patients without ACAS in an international, prospective cohort of outpatients with or at risk of atherothrombosis.

METHODS:

The Reduction of Atherothrombosis for Continued Health Registry enrolled patients with either > or =3 atherothrombotic risk factors or established atherothrombotic disease. We investigated the 1-year follow-up data of patients for whom physicians reported presence/absence of ACAS at the time of inclusion.

RESULTS:

Compared with patients without ACAS (n = 30 329), patients with ACAS (n = 3164) had higher age- and sex-adjusted 1-year rates of transient ischaemic attack (3.51% vs. 1.61%, P < 0.0001), non-fatal stroke (2.65% vs. 1.75%, P = 0.0009), fatal stroke (0.49% vs. 0.26%, P = 0.04), cardiovascular death (2.29% vs. 1.52%, P = 0.002), the composite end-point cardiovascular death/myocardial infarction/stroke (6.03% vs. 4.29%, P < 0.0001) and bleeding events (1.41% vs. 0.81%, P = 0.002). In patients with ACAS, Cox regression analyses identified history of cerebrovascular ischaemic events as most important predictor of future stroke (HR 3.21, 95% CI 1.82-5.65, P < 0.0001).

CONCLUSION:

Asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis was associated with high 1-year rates of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular ischaemic events. Stroke was powerfully predicted by prior cerebrovascular ischaemic events.

PMID:
19473362
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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