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Opt Express. 2003 May 19;11(10):1123-30.

Practical implementation of adaptive optics in multiphoton microscopy.


A dedicated two-photon microscope incorporating adaptive-optic correction of specimen-induced aberrations is presented. Wavefront alteration of the scanning laser beam was achieved by use of a micromachined deformable mirror. Post scan head implementation produces a compact module compatible with the Bio-Rad MRC-600 scan head. Automatic aberration correction using feedback from the multiphoton fluorescence intensity allowed the adaptive optic to extend the imaging depth attainable in both artificial and biological refractive-index mismatched samples. With a 1.3-NA, x40, Nikon oil immersion objective, the imaging depth in water was extended from approximately 3.4 to 46.2 microm with a resolution defined by a FWHM axial point-spread function of 1.25 microm.

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