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J Cataract Refract Surg. 2009 Jun;35(6):1072-81. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrs.2009.01.020.

Corneal topography with Scheimpflug imaging and videokeratography: comparative study of normal eyes.

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  • 1Contact Lens and Visual Optics Laboratory, School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. sa.read@qut.edu.au

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To compare the repeatability within anterior corneal topography measurements and agreement between measurements with the Pentacam HR rotating Scheimpflug camera and with a previously validated Placido disk-based videokeratoscope (Medmont E300).

SETTING:

Contact Lens and Visual Optics Laboratory, School of Optometry, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

METHODS:

Normal eyes in 101 young adult subjects had corneal topography measured using the Scheimpflug camera (6 repeated measurements) and videokeratoscope (4 repeated measurements). The best-fitting axial power corneal spherocylinder was calculated and converted into power vectors. Corneal higher-order aberrations (HOAs) (up to the 8th Zernike order) were calculated using the corneal elevation data from each instrument.

RESULTS:

Both instruments showed excellent repeatability for axial power spherocylinder measurements (repeatability coefficients <0.25 diopter; intraclass correlation coefficients >0.9) and good agreement for all power vectors. Agreement between the 2 instruments was closest when the mean of multiple measurements was used in analysis. For corneal HOAs, both instruments showed reasonable repeatability for most aberration terms and good correlation and agreement for many aberrations (eg, spherical aberration, coma, higher-order root mean square). For other aberrations (eg, trefoil and tetrafoil), the 2 instruments showed relatively poor agreement.

CONCLUSIONS:

For normal corneas, the Scheimpflug system showed excellent repeatability and reasonable agreement with a previously validated videokeratoscope for the anterior corneal axial curvature best-fitting spherocylinder and several corneal HOAs. However, for certain aberrations with higher azimuthal frequencies, the Scheimpflug system had poor agreement with the videokeratoscope; thus, caution should be used when interpreting these corneal aberrations with the Scheimpflug system.

PMID:
19465294
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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