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JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2008 Dec;1(6):631-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jcin.2008.09.004.

Clopidogrel 150 mg/day to overcome low responsiveness in patients undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention: results from the VASP-02 (Vasodilator-Stimulated Phosphoprotein-02) randomized study.

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  • 1Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale U311, Etablissement Français du Sang-Alsace, Strasbourg, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We investigated whether maintenance therapy with clopidogrel 150 mg/day produces greater platelet inhibition than the standard 75-mg/day dose and whether the higher maintenance dose increases platelet inhibition in low responders to clopidogrel 75 mg/day.

BACKGROUND:

Patients show interindividual variability in their platelet response to clopidogrel. Low responders could potentially obtain greater clinical benefit from greater doses of clopidogrel.

METHODS:

One hundred fifty-three elective percutaneous coronary intervention patients were randomized to clopidogrel 150 mg/day (n = 58) or 75 mg/day (n = 95) for 4 weeks, with vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein assay-guided switching to clopidogrel 150 mg/day after 2 weeks in low responders (platelet reactivity index >or=69%). All patients received aspirin 75 mg/day.

RESULTS:

After 2 weeks, clopidogrel 150 mg/day produced a significantly lower platelet reactivity index than clopidogrel 75 mg/day (43.9 +/- 17.3% vs. 58.6 +/- 17.7%; p < 0.0001). The proportion of low responders was significantly lower in patients randomized to clopidogrel 150 mg/day than in those randomized to clopidogrel 75 mg/day (8.6% vs. 33.7%; p = 0.0004). In the clopidogrel 75 mg/day group, 64.5% (20 of 31) of low responders became responders after switching to clopidogrel 150 mg/day for 2 weeks. No major bleeds occurred during the study; the incidence of minor bleeds was similar in each treatment group.

CONCLUSIONS:

In elective percutaneous coronary intervention patients, a 150-mg/day clopidogrel maintenance dose produces greater inhibition of platelet function than clopidogrel 75 mg/day. In low responders to clopidogrel 75 mg/day, switching to clopidogrel 150 mg/day overcomes low responsiveness in a majority of patients. These findings warrant further clinical evaluation. (VASP-02; EudraCT number: 2004-005230-40).

PMID:
19463377
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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