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Evol Bioinform Online. 2007 Aug 8;3:197-206.

Prediction of protein-protein interactions on the basis of evolutionary conservation of protein functions.

Author information

  • 1Ariadne Genomics Inc. 9430 Key West Ave., Suite 113, Rockville, MD 20850, U.S.A.

Abstract

MOTIVATION:

Although a great deal of progress is being made in the development of fast and reliable experimental techniques to extract genome-wide networks of protein-protein and protein-DNA interactions, the sequencing of new genomes proceeds at an even faster rate. That is why there is a considerable need for reliable methods of in-silico prediction of protein interaction based solely on sequence similarity information and known interactions from well-studied organisms. This problem can be solved if a dependency exists between sequence similarity and the conservation of the proteins' functions.

RESULTS:

In this paper, we introduce a novel probabilistic method for prediction of protein-protein interactions using a new empirical probabilistic formula describing the loss of interactions between homologous proteins during the course of evolution. This formula describes an evolutional process quite similar to the process of the Earth's population growth. In addition, our method favors predictions confirmed by several interacting pairs over predictions coming from a single interacting pair. Our approach is useful in working with "noisy" data such as those coming from high-throughput experiments. We have generated predictions for five "model" organisms: H. sapiens, D. melanogaster, C. elegans, A. thaliana, and S. cerevisiae and evaluated the quality of these predictions.

KEYWORDS:

Protein interactions; functional evolution; prediction; sequence similarity

PMID:
19461979
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC2684133
Free PMC Article

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