Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2009 Jun;192(6):1544-9. doi: 10.2214/AJR.09.2368.

Reducing the risk of contrast-induced nephropathy: a perspective on the controversies.

Author information

  • 1Department of Radiology, University of Michigan Health System, University Hospital, Ann Arbor, 48109-5030, USA.



Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) remains poorly understood despite decades of investigation, and the criteria for diagnosis are variable. The purpose of this article is to discuss current controversies in contrast-induced nephropathy including its prevention.


Patients with normal renal function are at exceptionally low risk for CIN. Patients with preexisting renal insufficiency appear to be at higher risk and precautionary maneuvers may be warranted in some of these patients; however, iodinated contrast material should not be withheld if a contrast-enhanced study is necessary and there is no alternative.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk