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Mar Biotechnol (NY). 2010 Feb;12(1):8-13. doi: 10.1007/s10126-009-9194-1. Epub 2009 May 19.

Construction of a genetic map and development of DNA markers linked to the sex-determining locus in the Patagonian pejerrey (Odontesthes hatcheri).

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  • 1Graduate School of Marine Science and Technology, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, 4-5-7 Konan, Minato, Tokyo 108-8477, Japan.

Abstract

The process of sex differentiation in fishes is regulated by genetic and environmental factors. The sex of Patagonian pejerrey (Odontesthes hatcheri) appears to be under strong genotypic control (GSD) because the sex ratios are balanced (1:1) between 17 degrees C and 23 degrees C. However, sex ratios become female-biased at <15 degrees C and male-biased at 25 degrees C, which shows that this species also possesses some degree of temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD). Identification of the genetic sex of an individual will help elucidate the molecular basis of sex differentiation in this species. In this study, we used amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) analysis to develop a genetic linkage map for both sexes and a sex-linked DNA marker for Patagonian pejerrey. The AFLP analysis of 23 male and 23 female progeny via 64 primer combinations produced a total of 153 bands. The genetic linkage map consisted of 79 markers in 20 linkage groups and 48 markers in 15 linkage groups for males and females, respectively. One AFLP marker tightly linked to the sex-determining locus was identified: the marker, ACG/CAA-217, amplified to the male-specific DNA fragment. Sequence analysis of this region revealed a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) between males and females, which was converted into a SNP marker. This marker provides genetic confirmation that the sex of Patagonian pejerrey is determined genetically and would be useful for the analysis of the molecular basis of GSD and TSD in this species.

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