Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
Mol Cell. 2009 May 15;34(3):387-93. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2009.04.016.

TFIIH kinase places bivalent marks on the carboxy-terminal domain of RNA polymerase II.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA.

Abstract

Posttranslational modifications of the carboxy-terminal domain (CTD) of the largest subunit of RNA polymerase II (Pol II) specify a molecular recognition code that is deciphered by proteins involved in RNA biogenesis. The CTD is comprised of a repeating heptapeptide (Y(1)S(2)P(3)T(4)S(5)P(6)S(7)). Recently, phosphorylation of serine 7 was shown to be important for cotranscriptional processing of two snRNAs in mammalian cells. Here we report that Kin28/Cdk7, a subunit of the evolutionarily conserved TFIIH complex, is a Ser7 kinase. The ability of Kin28/Cdk7 to phosphorylate Ser7 is particularly surprising because this kinase functions at promoters of protein-coding genes, rather than being restricted to promoter-distal regions of snRNA genes. Kin28/Cdk7 is also known to phosphorylate Ser5 residues of the CTD at gene promoters. Taken together, our results implicate the TFIIH kinase in placing bivalent Ser5 and Ser7 marks early in gene transcription. These bivalent CTD marks, in concert with cues within nascent transcripts, specify the cotranscriptional engagement of the relevant RNA processing machinery.

PMID:
19450536
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2757088
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (4)Free text

Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk