Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Am Soc Nephrol. 2009 Aug;20(8):1833-8. doi: 10.1681/ASN.2009020162. Epub 2009 May 14.

Family history of renal disease severity predicts the mutated gene in ADPKD.

Author information

  • 1Division of Nephrology and Genomic Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Toronto and University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

Mutations of PKD1 and PKD2 account for 85 and 15% of cases of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), respectively. Clinically, PKD1 is more severe than PKD2, with a median age at ESRD of 53.4 versus 72.7 yr. In this study, we explored whether a family history of renal disease severity predicts the mutated gene in ADPKD. We examined the renal function (estimated GFR and age at ESRD) of 484 affected members from 90 families who had ADPKD and whose underlying genotype was known. We found that the presence of at least one affected family member who developed ESRD at age < or =55 was highly predictive of a PKD1 mutation (positive predictive value 100%; sensitivity 72%). In contrast, the presence of at least one affected family member who continued to have sufficient renal function or developed ESRD at age >70 was highly predictive of a PKD2 mutation (positive predictive value 100%; sensitivity 74%). These data suggest that close attention to the family history of renal disease severity in ADPKD may provide a simple means of predicting the mutated gene, which has prognostic implications.

PMID:
19443633
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2723982
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (3)Free text

Figure 1.
Figure 2.
Figure 3.
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk