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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 May 26;106(21):8465-70. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0901389106. Epub 2009 May 13.

Densovirus induces winged morphs in asexual clones of the rosy apple aphid, Dysaphis plantaginea.

Author information

  • 1Warwick HRI, University of Warwick, Wellesbourne, Warwick CV35 9EF, United Kingdom. eugene.ryabov@warwick.ac.uk

Abstract

Winged morphs of aphids are essential for their dispersal and survival. We discovered that the production of the winged morph in asexual clones of the rosy apple aphid, Dysaphis plantaginea, is dependent on their infection with a DNA virus, Dysaphis plantaginea densovirus (DplDNV). Virus-free clones of the rosy apple aphid, or clones infected singly with an RNA virus, rosy apple aphid virus (RAAV), did not produce the winged morph in response to crowding and poor plant quality. DplDNV infection results in a significant reduction in aphid reproduction rate, but such aphids can produce the winged morph, even at low insect density, which can fly and colonize neighboring plants. Aphids infected with DplDNV produce a proportion of virus-free aphids, which enables production of virus-free clonal lines after colonization of a new plant. Our data suggest that a mutualistic relationship exists between the rosy apple aphid and its viruses. Despite the negative impact of DplDNV on rosy apple aphid reproduction, this virus contributes to their survival by inducing wing development and promoting dispersal.

PMID:
19439653
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2688996
Free PMC Article
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