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Opt Express. 2009 May 11;17(10):8103-8.

Bunch of restless vector solitons in a fiber laser with SESAM.

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  • 1School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.


We report on the experimental observation of a novel form of vector soliton interaction in a fiber laser mode-locked with SESAM. Several vector solitons bunch in the cavity and move as a unit with the cavity repetition rate. However, inside the bunch the vector solitons make repeatedly contractive and repulsive motions, resembling the contraction and extension of a spring. The number of vector solitons in the bunch is controllable by changing the pump power. In addition, polarization rotation locking and period doubling bifurcation of the vector soliton bunch are also experimentally observed.

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