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FEBS Lett. 2009 Jun 18;583(12):1817-24. doi: 10.1016/j.febslet.2009.05.007. Epub 2009 May 9.

IQGAPs in cancer: a family of scaffold proteins underlying tumorigenesis.

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  • 1Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.


The IQGAP family comprises three proteins in humans. The best characterized is IQGAP1, which participates in protein-protein interactions and integrates diverse signaling pathways. IQGAP2 and IQGAP3 harbor all the domains identified in IQGAP1, but their biological roles are poorly defined. Proteins that bind IQGAP1 include Cdc42 and Rac1, E-cadherin, beta-catenin, calmodulin and components of the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway, all of which are involved in cancer. Here, we summarize the biological functions of IQGAPs that may contribute to neoplasia. Additionally, we review published data which implicate IQGAPs in cancer and tumorigenesis. The cumulative evidence suggests IQGAP1 is an oncogene while IQGAP2 may be a tumor suppressor.

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