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Phytochem Anal. 2009 Sep-Oct;20(5):353-64. doi: 10.1002/pca.1133.

NMR and UPLC-qTOF-MS/MS characterisation of novel phenylethanol derivatives of phenylpropanoid glucosides from the leaves of strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa cv. Jonsok).

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  • 1Department of Biosciences, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland.



Strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa) is rich in polyphenols, particularly anthocyanins, flavonols, condensed tannins and ellagic tannins. In addition to the fruits, the leaves of strawberry also contain a wide range of phenolic compound classes, but have not been investigated to the same extent as the fruit.


To characterise a metabolite group present in the leaves of strawberry, that was not amenable for identification based on earlier information available in the literature.


Methanolic extracts of strawberry leaves were analysed by UPLC-qTOF-MS/MS and iterative quantum mechanical NMR spectral analysis.


The structures of phenylethanol derivatives of phenylpropanoid glucosides Eutigoside A ( F4) and its two isomeric forms 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethyl-[6-O-(Z)-coumaroyl]-beta-D-glucopyranoside (F6) and 4-(2-hydroxyethyl)phenyl-[6-O-(E)-coumaroyl]-beta-D-glucopyranoside (F1) were resolved by NMR and UPLC-qTOF-MS/MS. In addition, two other derivatives of phenylpropanoid glucosides similar to Eutigoside A but possessing different phenolic acid moieties, namely Grayanoside A ( F5) and 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethyl-[6-O-(E)-caffeoyl]-beta-D-glucopyranoside (F14), were similarly identified. Also, accurate characteristic coupling constants for the subunits are reported and their usefulness in structural analysis is highlighted.


Chemical analysis of the leaves of strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa cv. Jonsok) resulted in the identification of a compound class, phenylethanol derivatives of phenylpropanoid glycosides, not previously found in strawberry.

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