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Opt Express. 2002 Feb 11;10(3):171-6.

Intratissue surgery with 80 MHz nanojoule femtosecond laser pulses in the near infrared.


The use of 1 nanojoule near infrared 80 MHz femtosecond laser pulses for highly precise intratissue processing, in particular for intraocular refractive surgery, was evaluated. Destructive optical breakdown at TW/cm2 light intensities in a subfemtoliter intrastromal volume was obtained by diffraction-limited focussing with an 40x objective (N.A. 1.3) and beam scanning 50 to 140 microm below the epithelial surface. Using the same system at GW/cm2 intensities two-photon excited autofluorescence imaging was used to determine the target of interest and to visualize intraocular laser effects. Histological examination of laser-exposed porcine eyes reveal a minimum cut size below 1 microm without destructive effects to surrounding tissues.

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