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J Psychopharmacol. 2010 Apr;24(4):497-502. doi: 10.1177/0269881109105137. Epub 2009 May 7.

Influence of gender and menopausal status on antidepressant treatment response in depressed inpatients.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Erasmus Medical Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.


The present study investigated the influence of gender and menopausal status on treatment response in depressed inpatients, treated with either imipramine or fluvoxamine. The patients were divided into three groups: men, premenopausal women and postmenopausal women. A multivariate analysis was performed using the difference in Hamilton score (pretreatment - post-treatment) for imipramine and fluvoxamine as dependent variable. The following independent variables were used: the baseline Hamilton score, the antidepressant used, the gender-group and the interaction between the type of antidepressant and gender. In total, 138 patients with a DSM IV diagnosis of depressive disorder were analysed. Men responded more favorably to imipramine (B = 7.12, P = 0.005). Premenopausal women had a better response rate to fluvoxamine than men (B = -8.66, P = 0.027). In depressed inpatients, men respond more favorably to imipramine than to fluvoxamine. Premenopausal women respond more frequently to fluvoxamine than men.

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