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Singapore Med J. 2009 Apr;50(4):e130-2.

Surfactant therapy in acute respiratory distress syndrome due to hydrocarbon aspiration.

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  • 1Division of Paediatric Intensive Care, Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Cukurova University, 01330 Adana, Turkey.


Hydrocarbon aspiration causes acute lung injury, which may lead to acute respiratory distress syndrome. Surfactant has been shown to be beneficial in experimentally-induced hydrocarbon-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome. However, there has not been a clinical study evaluating the effect of surfactant application on hydrocarbon aspiration in humans. We report a 17-month-old boy with acute respiratory distress syndrome due to hydrocarbon aspiration and was successfully treated with surfactant application.

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