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J Med Entomol. 1991 Jul;28(4):506-13.

Effects of juvenile hormone and its analogs on vitellogenin synthesis and ovarian development in Ornithodoros moubata (Acari: Argasidae).

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  • 1Department of Medical Zoology, School of Medicine, Mie University, Tsu, Japan.


Effects of juvenile hormones (JH) and JH analogs on the release of vitellogenin (Vg) into the hemolymph and ovarian development in unfed adult female ticks, Ornithodoros moubata (Murray), were investigated. Topical application of acetone solvent and injection of acetone or oils showed some increase in Vg titer in the hemolymph. Topical application of JH (JH I, JH II, JH III) and JH analogs (methoprene, S21149, S21150, and S31183) dissolved in acetone to unengorged adult females elevated Vg titer in the hemolymph but only to the same level as the acetone controls. These effects were independent of dose. Injection of JH (JH I, JH II, JH III) and methoprene dissolved in mineral oil also did not significantly increase the Vg titer in the hemolymph compared with the controls (mineral oil injection). Electrophoretic analysis of hemolymph from females 5 d after treatment topically or by injection with JH and JH analogs showed faint Vg bands which comigrated with Vg's (Vg-1 and Vg-2) of normal, engorged female hemolymph, but Vg bands were detected more clearly in the hemolymph samples that were collected greater than 2 wk after treatment. However, the same level of Vg also was detected in the hemolymph of females treated with acetone or mineral oil. Vg synthesis in females treated with JH and JH analogs was analyzed by in vivo labeling and fluorography, which showed that Vg synthesis was not induced by application of JH to unengorged females.

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