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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2009 Apr;1791(4):246-53. doi: 10.1016/j.bbalip.2009.01.024. Epub 2009 Feb 7.

Diacylglycerol kinase delta associates with receptor for activated C kinase 1, RACK1.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, South-1, West-17, Chuo-ku, Sapporo, 060-8556, Japan.


The delta-isozyme (type II) of diacylglycerol kinase (DGK) is known to positively regulate growth factor receptor signaling. DGKdelta, which is distributed to clathrin-coated vesicles, interacts with DGKdelta itself, protein kinase C and AP2alpha. To search for additional DGKdelta-interacting proteins, we screened a yeast two-hybrid cDNA library from HepG2 cells using aa 896-1097 of DGKdelta as a bait. We identified aa 184-317 (WD40 repeats 5-7) of receptor for activated C kinase 1 (RACK1), which interacts with various important signaling molecules, as a novel binding partner of DGKdelta. Co-immunoprecipitation analysis, using COS-7 cells co-expressing RACK1 and DGKdelta, revealed that RACK1 selectively interacted with DGKdelta, but not with type I DGKs, in mammalian cells. The interaction was dynamically regulated by phorbol ester. Intriguingly, DGKdelta appeared to recruit RACK1 to clathrin-coated vesicles and co-localized with RACK1. These results suggest that DGKdelta serves as an adaptor protein to regulate the localization of the versatile scaffold protein, RACK1.

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