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Child Health Care. 2009;38(2):91-106.

Coping and Psychosocial Adjustment in Mothers of Young Children with Type 1 Diabetes.


This study examined symptoms of anxiety and depression in mothers of young children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) in relation to mothers' fears of hypoglycemia, perceptions of coping, and children's metabolic control. Sixty-seven mothers of children less than 8 years of age diagnosed with T1D completed self-report measures, and children's metabolic control was measured with glycosolated hemoglobin (HbA1c). Twenty-one percent of mothers reported clinically significant levels of symptoms of anxiety, and twenty-four percent reported clinically significant levels of depression. Lower income level and finding it more upsetting to cope with diabetes-related stress accounted for higher symptoms of anxiety and depression in mothers. Mothers' symptoms were not related to children's metabolic control. Recommendations are made for screening mothers and providing supportive interventions to alleviate their distress.

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