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Med Dosim. 2009 Summer;34(2):107-9. doi: 10.1016/j.meddos.2008.05.002. Epub 2008 Jun 10.

Review of the poster "Dosimetric comparison of gamma knife radiosurgery vs. 125I plaque brachytherapy in a cohort of choroidal melanomas".

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  • 1Department of Radiation Oncology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA. odellk@ccf.org


Historically, treatment for choroidal melanomas was surgical enucleation. Currently, treatment methods such as stereotactic radiosurgery and brachytherapy are being used to spare the eye. The poster "Dosimetric Comparison of Gamma Knife Radiosurgery vs. I-125 Plaque Brachytherapy in a Cohort of Choroidal Melanomas" presented at ASTRO 2007 by Anderson et al. provides a comparison of these methods. The dose to disk, fovea and lens in 29 patients from a simulated I-125 treatment and a delivered Gamma Knife radiosurgery was compared. Thirty Gy was prescribed to the 50% Isodose line in the radiosurgery and 85 Gy was prescribed to the apex of the tumor in the I-125 simulation. It was found that the Gamma Knife spares the disk better in 59% of the tumors, including those >or=6.5 mm in height; spares the fovea better in 69% of the tumors, including those >or=5.5 mm; and spares lens better in only 30% of the tumors, with no distinction in size. Tumor location was not taken into account for this study, which could explain the variations in smaller tumors. For larger tumors, gamma knife will protect most organs at risk more effectively. This study shows how a tumor's parameters can be used in selecting treatment modality.

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