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J Endod. 1991 Jun;17(6):275-9.

A comparison of weights of debris extruded apically by conventional filing and Canal Master techniques.

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  • 1Department of Endodontics, Wilford Hall USAF Medical Center, Lackland Air Force Base, San Antonio.


Sixty extracted human teeth were divided into three groups of 20 each. Apically extruded debris and irrigant were collected, dried, and weighed by the following three instrumentation techniques: (a) group 1, filing 1 mm short of the foramen; (b) group 2, Canal Master instrumentation to the foramen; and (c) group 3, filing to the foramen (for a relative comparison). The results indicated that all three groups were significantly different from one another. Group 1 had the least amount of debris extruded. Of the two groups instrumented to the foramen, group 3 had twice as much debris extruded as group 2. An apical dentinal plug was frequently found in group 1 and was probably a major reason why this group had the least amount of extruded debris. The significance of this dentinal plug and possible indications for instrumentation to the foramen are discussed.

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