Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Chem Phys. 2009 Apr 28;130(16):164111. doi: 10.1063/1.3120605.

Calculating solution redox free energies with ab initio quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical minimum free energy path method.

Author information

  • 1Department of Chemistry, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA.

Abstract

A quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical minimum free energy path (QM/MM-MFEP) method was developed to calculate the redox free energies of large systems in solution with greatly enhanced efficiency for conformation sampling. The QM/MM-MFEP method describes the thermodynamics of a system on the potential of mean force surface of the solute degrees of freedom. The molecular dynamics (MD) sampling is only carried out with the QM subsystem fixed. It thus avoids "on-the-fly" QM calculations and thus overcomes the high computational cost in the direct QM/MM MD sampling. In the applications to two metal complexes in aqueous solution, the new QM/MM-MFEP method yielded redox free energies in good agreement with those calculated from the direct QM/MM MD method. Two larger biologically important redox molecules, lumichrome and riboflavin, were further investigated to demonstrate the efficiency of the method. The enhanced efficiency and uncompromised accuracy are especially significant for biochemical systems. The QM/MM-MFEP method thus provides an efficient approach to free energy simulation of complex electron transfer reactions.

PMID:
19405565
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2736613
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (2)Free text

Figure 1
Figure 2
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for American Institute of Physics Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk