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Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2009 Feb;19(1):79-96.

Conjugated linoleic acid combined with creatine monohydrate and whey protein supplementation during strength training.

Author information

  • 1College of Kinesiology, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The authors examined the combined effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), creatine (C), and whey protein (P) supplementation during strength training.

METHODS:

Sixty-nine participants (52 men, 17 women; M +/- SD age 22.5 +/-2.5 yr) were randomly assigned (double-blind) to 1 of 3 groups: CCP (6 g/d CLA + 9 g/d C + 36 g/d P; n = 22), CP (C + P + placebo oil; n = 25), or P (P + placebo oil; n = 22) during 5 wk of strength training (4-5 sets, 6-12 repetitions, 6 d/wk). Measurements were taken for body composition (air-displacement plethysmography), muscle thickness (ultrasound) of the flexors and extensors of the elbow and knee, 1-repetition-maximum (1-RM) strength (leg press and bench press), urinary markers of bone resorption (N-telopeptides, NTx), myofibrillar protein catabolism (3-methylhistidine; 3-MH), oxidative stress (8-isoprostanes), and kidney function (microalbumin) before and after training.

RESULTS:

Contrast analyses indicated that the CCP group had a greater increase in bench-press (16.2% +/- 11.3% vs. 9.7% +/- 17.0%; p < .05) and leg-press (13.1% +/- 9.9% vs. 7.7% +/-14.2%; p < .05) strength and lean-tissue mass (2.4% +/- 2.8% vs. 1.3% +/-4.1%; p < .05) than the other groups combined. All groups increased muscle thickness over time (p < .05). The relative change in 3-MH (CCP -4.7% +/- 70.2%, CP -0.4% +/- 81.4%, P 20.3% +/- 75.2%) was less in the groups receiving creatine (p < .05), with the difference for NTx also close to significance (p = .055; CCP -3.4% +/- 66.6%, CP -3.9% +/- 64.9%, P 26.0% +/- 63.8%). There were no changes in oxidative stress or kidney function.

CONCLUSION:

Combining C, CLA, and P was beneficial for increasing strength and lean-tissue mass during heavy resistance training.

PMID:
19403955
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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