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J Am Diet Assoc. 1991 Nov;91(11):1385-90.

A brief dietary assessment to guide cholesterol reduction in low-income individuals: design and validation.

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  • 1Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 27599.


Low-income Americans are at greatest risk for coronary heart disease. Dietary assessment methods are needed that can efficiently and effectively guide diet counseling to reduce serum cholesterol in this population. The Dietary Risk Assessment is a brief food frequency questionnaire designed to guide an intervention program for cholesterol reduction. It can easily be administered and scored in 10 to 15 minutes by persons who are not trained in nutrition. The assessment is culturally specific for a low-income southern population, identifies positive as well as problematic dietary behaviors, is easily interpreted, and measures potential barriers to dietary change. The assessment was validated against 3 days of dietary recall data in a sample of 42 low-income individuals recruited from the waiting room of an ambulatory care clinic. A Keys score, which measures the serum-cholesterol-raising potential of the diet, was calculated for each patient from their recall data. The Keys and Dietary Risk Assessment scores were significantly correlated (r = .60, P less than .001). We conclude that the Dietary Risk Assessment can rank individuals by level of dietary atherogenic risk adequately to guide a dietary treatment program for low-income patients, an underserved population with a high prevalence of diet-induced elevations in serum cholesterol.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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