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Addict Behav. 2009 Jun-Jul;34(6-7):542-7. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2009.03.019. Epub 2009 Mar 24.

The impact of parental modeling and permissibility on alcohol use and experienced negative drinking consequences in college.

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  • 1Human Development & Family Studies, The Pennsylvania State University, 204 East Calder Way, Suite 208, State College, PA 16801, United States.


This study examined the impact of parental modeled behavior and permissibility of alcohol use in late high school on the alcohol use and experienced negative drinking consequences of college students. Two-hundred ninety college freshmen at a large university were assessed for perceptions of their parents' permissibility of alcohol use, parents' alcohol-related behavior, and own experienced negative consequences associated with alcohol use. Results indicate that parental permissibility of alcohol use is a consistent predictor of teen drinking behaviors, which was strongly associated with experienced negative consequences. Parental modeled use of alcohol was also found to be a risk factor, with significant differences being seen across the gender of the parents and teens. Discussion focuses on risk factors and avenues for prevention research.

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