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Biochemistry. 2009 Jun 9;48(22):4762-71. doi: 10.1021/bi9003765.

Crystal structures of cytochrome P450 2B4 in complex with the inhibitor 1-biphenyl-4-methyl-1H-imidazole: ligand-induced structural response through alpha-helical repositioning.

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  • 1Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA. scgay@ucsd.edu

Abstract

Two different ligand occupancy structures of cytochrome P450 2B4 (CYP2B4) in complex with 1-biphenyl-4-methyl-1H-imidazole (1-PBI) have been determined by X-ray crystallography. 1-PBI belongs to a series of tight binding, imidazole-based CYP2B4 inhibitors. 1-PBI binding to CYP2B4 yields a type II spectrum with a K(s) value of 0.23 microM and inhibits enzyme activity with an IC(50) value of 0.035 microM. Previous CYP2B4 structures have shown a large degree of structural movement in response to ligand size. With two phenyl rings, 1-PBI is larger than 1-(4-chlorophenyl)imidazole (1-CPI) and 4-(4-chlorophenyl)imidazole (4-CPI) but smaller than bifonazole, which is branched and contains three phenyl rings. The CYP2B4-1-PBI complex is a structural intermediate to the closed CPI and the open bifonazole structures. The B/C-loop reorganizes itself to include two short partial helices while closing one side of the active site. The F-G-helix cassette pivots over the I-helix in direct response to the size of the ligand in the active site. A cluster of Phe residues at the fulcrum of this pivot point allows for dramatic repositioning of the cassette with only a relatively small amount of secondary structure rearrangement. Comparisons of ligand-bound CYP2B4 structures reveal trends in plastic region mobility that could allow for predictions of their position in future structures based on ligand shape and size.

PMID:
19397311
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2764533
Free PMC Article
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