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Environ Int. 2009 Aug;35(6):856-63. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2009.02.008. Epub 2009 Apr 24.

Mitigation of arsenic contamination in irrigated paddy soils in South and South-East Asia.

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It has recently become apparent that arsenic-contaminated groundwater used for irrigation in several countries of South and South-east Asia is adding arsenic to soils and rice, thus posing a serious threat to sustainable agricultural production and to the health and livelihoods of affected people in those countries. This paper describes the many environmental, agricultural and social factors that determine practical mitigation strategies and research needs, and describes possible mitigation measures that need to be tested. These measures include providing alternative irrigation sources, various agronomic measures, use of soil amendments, growing hyperaccumulator plants, removing contaminated soil and using alternative cooking methods.

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