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Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2009 Mar;79(3 Pt 2):036209. Epub 2009 Mar 24.

Stochastic bifurcation in noise-driven lasers and Hopf oscillators.

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  • 1Mathematics Research Institute, University of Exeter, EX4 4QF, United Kingdom.


This paper considers nonlinear dynamics in an ensemble of uncoupled lasers, each being a limit-cycle oscillator, which are driven by the same external white Gaussian noise. As the external-noise strength increases, there is an onset of synchronization and then subsequent loss of synchrony. Local analysis of the laser equations shows that synchronization becomes unstable via stochastic bifurcation to chaos, defined as a passing of the largest Lyapunov exponent through zero. The locus of this bifurcation is calculated in the three-dimensional parameter space defined by the Hopf parameter, amount of amplitude-phase coupling, and external-noise strength. Numerical comparison between the laser system and the normal form of Hopf bifurcation uncovers a square-root law for this stochastic bifurcation as well as strong enhancement in noise-induced chaos due to the laser's relaxation oscillation.

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